How pandemics have changed the world-THE HINDU-16-04-2020


The outbreak, which spread from Constantinople to both the West and East, had killed up to 25 to 100 million people.

The plague would come back in different waves, finally disappearing in AD 750, after weakening the empire substantially. By the time plague disappeared, the Empire had lost territories in Europe to the Germanic-speaking Franks and Egypt and Syria to the Arabs.

It killed some 75 to 200 million people, according to various estimates. In early 1340s, the plague struck China, India, Syria and Egypt. It arrived in Europe in 1347, where up to 50% of the population died of the disease. The outbreak also had lasting economic and social consequences.

In the words of Stanford historian Walter Scheidel, pandemics are one of the “four horsemen” that have flattened inequality. Scheidel writes how the Black Death led to improved wages for serfs and agricultural labourers. In parts of Europe, wages tripled as labour demand rose.

The most significant impact of the Black Death was perhaps the weakening of the Catholic Church. While Church would continue to remain as a powerful institution, it would never regain the power and influence it had enjoyed before the outbreak of the plague. The Protestant Reformation in the 16th century would further weaken the Church.

About Spanish Flu:

Spanish Flu, which broke out during the last phase of First World War, was the deadliest pandemic of the last century that killed up to 50 million people. The flu was first recorded in Europe and then spread fast to America and Asia. India, one of the worst-hit by the pandemic, lost between 17 and 18 million people, roughly 6% of its population. One of the major impacts of the outbreak was on the result of the war.

Though the flu hit both sides, the Germans and Austrians were affected so badly that the outbreak derailed their offensives. “Our Army had suffered.

COVID-19 outbreak:

It’s too early to say how the COVID-19 outbreak that has already infected about 2 million and killed over 1,26,000 people would change the world. has shot up to the levels not seen since the end of Second World War. Governments across the world, including the U. .

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