Hyderabad: Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution - DTE - 18/01/23

Recently, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has chosen Hyderabad, Telangana for establishing its Center for the Fourth Industrial Revolution (C4IR). The C4IR Telangana will be an autonomous, non-profit organisation with a thematic focus on healthcare and life sciences.
->Fourth Industrial Revolution:
It is characterised by the use of technology to blur the boundaries between the digital, physical, and biological worlds, and is driven by data. Key technologies include cloud computing, big data, autonomous robots, cybersecurity, simulation, additive manufacturing, and the internet of things (IoT).

->Major Examples of its Application:
a. Pacemaker: The pacemaker is a near-perfect example of the ongoing fourth industrial revolution (4IR).
b. Xenobots: Xenobots, which are less than a millimetre long, are known to be the first living robot, were created in 2020 from the stem cells of the African clawed frog and can be programmed using artificial intelligence.
c. Smart Railway Coaches: In November 2020, the Modern Coach Factory (MCF) at Raebareli, Uttar Pradesh, rolled out smart railway coaches that are fitted with a battery of sensors to provide a comfortable experience to passengers.

->Challenges Associated with 4IR:
-Job Displacement
-Privacy concerns
-Lack of Digital Infrastructure

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