Kargil Vijay Diwas is commemorated on July 26 in honor of the Kargil War heroes-The Hindu-26/07/2022

Context:
The bikers will carry the flags and reach the Kargil War Memorial on July 26 on the occasion of Kargil Vijay Diwas.

PRELIM:

An armed conflict fought between India and Pakistan from May to July 1999(approx 60 days) in the Kargil district of Jammu and Kashmir and elsewhere along the Line of Control (LoC) is also known as the Kargil conflict.

Operation Vijay vs Operation Safed sager

Operation Vijay: The operation performed by Indian Military
Operation Safed sager: The operation performed by the Indian Air Force + Indian army


MAINS :

Result of war:

The Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-1948 concluded with the Line of Control bisecting the Ladakh district, with the Skardu tehsil going to Pakistan (now part of Gilgit-Baltistan). After Pakistan's defeat in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the two nations signed the Simla Agreement promising not to engage in armed conflict with respect to that boundary.

What is Shimla Agreement?

The Simla Agreement signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto of Pakistan on 2nd July 1972 was much more than a peace treaty seeking to reverse the consequences of the 1971 war (i.e. to bring about withdrawals of troops and an exchange of PoWs).
The Simla Agreement contains a set of guiding principles, mutually agreed to by India and Pakistan, which both sides would adhere to while managing relations with each other. These emphasize respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty; non-interference in each other’s internal affairs; respect for each other's unity, and political independence; sovereign equality; and abjuring hostile propaganda.

Important clause :


India-Pakistan relations were to be governed by the principles and purposes of the UN Charter.
Differences between India and Pakistan were to be resolved through peaceful means and bilateral negotiations, neither side can unilaterally change the situation, which might render detrimental to maintaining peaceful and friendly relations.
Both the countries were to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of each other.
Peacefully, respecting each other’s sovereignty, and territorial integrity and not interfering in each other’s internal affairs is to act as a prerequisite to reconciliation, good neighborliness, and peace.
There must be mutual recognition and honor for each country’s national unity, territorial integrity, political independence, and sovereign equality.
Both governments were to take steps in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other and to encourage the spreading of such information which would develop friendly relations between India and Pakistan.

Conclusion :
After the agreement, India returned the 93,000 prisoners of war in an organized manner as Pakistan was to work on converting the Line of Control to an international border. This agreement gives an ideal framework for bilateral relations between two countries but is still fully not achievable.

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